New Urgency for State Minimum Wage Action
October 20, 2016
The decision by the Supreme Court of Kentucky invalidating local minimum wage increases means 76,000 working Kentuckians in our two biggest cities now must look to the General Assembly for action. An estimated 45,000 workers in Louisville and 31,300 workers in Lexington will no longer receive the much-needed raises made possible by local minimum wage ordinances. All this makes action even more urgent on the part of the General Assembly to raise the minimum wage state-wide while allowing localities the freedom to go beyond the level the state sets.
Across the Commonwealth, 1 in 4 Kentucky workers have jobs that pay less than $10.10 an hour. Not only has the minimum wage lagged behind inflation, but it has also failed to keep up with growth in the economy. Had the minimum wage grown along with worker productivity since 1968, its value today would be $18.96, which is 262 percent greater than the current $7.25 per hour.
Those who would gain from a state-wide minimum wage increase are typically adults whose income matters to household finances and family well-being:
- 88.3 percent of affected workers are at least 20 years old, and more than half are at least 30 years old.
- A larger share of affected workers is older than 55 (11.7 percent) than teenagers (11.3 percent).
- More than half work full time, and another third work at least 20 hours a week.
- One in four workers is the only provider of family income.
- On average, affected workers earn 55 percent of family income; the parents among them earn 64.3 percent.
- More than half of Kentucky families making less than $20,000 would benefit.
- About one third of the state’s single parents would be affected.
- 4 percent or 228,000 of Kentucky’s children have at least one parent who would be affected by the increase; Kentucky is one of twelve states where more than one in five children would benefit.
- 6 percent of affected workers have had some college,another 7.1 percent have a bachelor’s degree or higher and 16.5 percent have less than a high school degree.
Because women account for a disproportionate share of the state’s low-wage workforce, raising the minimum wage would also shrink the gender wage gap. Although they make up 49.6 percent of the state’s workforce, women account for 55.2 percent of those who would be affected by the raising the minimum wage to $10.10.
A minimum wage increase is needed because its erosion has widened the gap between what families earn what it takes for them to get by. The Economic Policy Institute has produced estimates of the income needed to provide a “secure yet modest” standard of living in localities across the United States, meaning enough income to afford housing, food, child care, transportation, health care, other necessities and taxes. That study found that a family of three in localities across Kentucky needs upwards of $50,000 a year to make ends meet. But a full-time, year-round $7.25 minimum wage worker makes only $15,080.
Those who argue against raising the minimum wage frequently say that doing so would lead to a decrease in the total number of jobs available. But a rigorous, vast and growing body of economic research indicates that reasonable increases in the minimum wage have little or no effect on employment. In Louisville from July 2015 to July 2016 – the first year the ordinance was in effect – employment grew by 2.5 percent in the city as opposed to 1.8 percent state-wide, according to data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. This is far from the catastrophic job losses predicted by opponents when the Louisville minimum wage ordinance was being considered in 2014.
While this ruling is a big setback for the tens of thousands of hard working, low wage Kentucky workers who were scheduled to get much-needed raises, the General Assembly now has the opportunity to take action when they next meet to ensure more Kentuckians who work can meet their basic needs. They have the opportunity to both increase the state-wide minimum wage and allow localities that want to go beyond that level the freedom to do so. Those actions would benefit workers across the state and boost our economies at the same time.